The world economic decline has caused the value of Burma’s clothing export sector to drop around 30 per cent since 2008, according to the Myanmar Clothing Manufacturers Association (MCMA).
Compounding the fall is Europe’s tariff on clothing imports from Burma when Bangladesh, Cambodia and Vietnam receive exemptions, said Myint Soe, the MCMA chairman.
Also, “the dollar is weak and the kyat is strong,” he said. “Our business are not good in both 2011 and 2012. Sometimes we suffered financial losses and sometimes we broke even, and sometimes we got a little profit. That’s the way we operate. Our businesses cannot grow,” Myint Soe told Mizzima.
Myint Soe said that Burma’s clothing industry needed to attract more market share, increase productivity and hope for a stronger dollar. “We should get a tariff exemption also,” he said.
Another factor that pressures productivity is electricity supply. “Sometimes we get [government] electricity and sometimes we get electricity from diesels [own generator],” he said. He said a worker in Vietnam can produce 20 shirts per day while a Burmese worker produces 10 shirts.
The currency exchange rate was 1,200 kyat per US$ 1, he said. Now, the exchange rate is stable around 850 kyat per $1.
He said contracts come from Japan, Korea, Europe and South America. Raw materials are bought mainly from China and some Asian countries.
Recently, he noted that there were successive workers’ strikes for higher salaries. He said with the downturn it is difficult for some companies to meet workers’ demands.
“We hope that the U.S. and Europe will reduce tariffs in the next three months. If our hope comes true, we can run our businesses. I told the workers that if the situations became worse and the dollar weakens against the kyat, we would not be able to meet the workers’ demands,” he said.
On June 5, government ministers, 88-generation student group leaders, workers rights activists and members of the MCMA met to discuss recent wage demands with the Rangoon Industrial Zone Management Committee.
Myint Soe said businesses offered an eight-hour working day and higher salaries, which the workers’ accepted in principle. Most workers in the clothing industry are female. Their salary rate ranges from 45,000 to 60,000 kyat (US$ 75) a month.
Regarding the recent workers’ strikes, Myint Soe said settlements were negotiated in five factories. Some negotiations are still underway.
Most of the clothing factories are located in Rangoon Region and Pegu (Bago) Region. Burma has 120 clothing factories, he said.
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